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Yangon

Age: 2500 years
Area: 576 km²
Population: 4,082,000
Location: Latitude: 16°48' N, 96°9' E
Temperature: Min 16 'C - Max 34 'C

Formation of Yangon
Yangon is the largest city of Myanmar. There are 34 townships forming the city of Yangon. These townships in alphabetical orders are :
Ahlone, Bahan, Botahtaung, Dala, Dagon, Dagon (Seikkan), Dawbon, East Dagon, Hlaing, Hlaing Tharyar, Insein, Kyeemyindaing, Kamaryut, Latha, Lanmadaw, Mingalardon, Mingalar Taung Nyunt, Mayangone, North Dagon, North Okkalapa, Pabedan, Pazundaung, Sanchaung, South Dagon, Seik Gyi Khanaung To, Seikkan, South Okkalapa, Shwe Pyi Thar, Thingangyun, Thaketa, Thanlyin, Tarmwe, Yankin.

 

Getting Around (Public Transport in Yangon)


Bus
There are over 250 bus lines running around Yangon. There are over 2.5 million commuters a day. Recently, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) was introduced as new fuel for buses operating in Yangon. The bus fares starts from Ks 40 to Ks 120, depending on the distance the traveller takes.

Train
Circular Train service is available. There are 11 local trains for ciruclar services through 37 railway stations. The train fares are cheaper than the bus fares. Yangon Central Railways Station near Aung San Stadium is the main station in Yangon.

City Taxi
Taxis are plenty in Yangon. You can get any taxi easily anywhere in Yangon. The minimum cost is about Ks 1000 for a 10 minutes ride. The taxis do not have meters, so bargaining before taking the ride is the most suitable option.

Ferry Boat
For the commuters from Dala, to cross the Yangon River, takes about 10 minutes. They steam between Pansodan Warf and Dala Warf.

Domestic Transport from Yangon

Bus

There are two highway bus terminals, one known as Dagon Ayeyar Highway Bus Terminalm in Hlaing Tharyar Township, which is mainly for the buses going to the Ayeyarwaddy Division. The other terminal is Aung Mingalar Highway Bus Terminal, which is for the buses tot the cities and towns of the whole country, except the Ayeyarwaddy Division.

Boat

Boat services are available for Ayeyarwaddy Delta region. Tickets are available at Lan Thit Jetty in Seikkan Township.

Train

Myanma Railways operate 40 train-routes throughout the country. Tickets are available at Yangon Central Railway Station.

Plane
Yangon International Airport is available for both International and Domestic Flights. Domestic flight carriers are (1) Myanma Airways (2) Air Bagan (3) Air Mandalay and (4) Yangon Airways.

Communication Services

Internet Services

Myanmar Posts and Telecommunication (MPT) sells email accounts and Internet access.

Cyber Cafe

There are some Internet Cafe in downtown Yangon. The usage charges are about 650 to 1000 Kyats per hour, depending on the Cyber Cafe.

Express Money Order

Money Order service is available in the capitals of each states and divisions in Myanmar. The maximum amount is Ks 100,000 per remittance.

Parcel Services

General Post Office in Yangon downtown is the main Parcel Service center in Yangon.

Fax Services

Yangon Telegraph Office offers fax services to 88 oversea countries. The domestic fax lines are also widely used in Yangon.

Telephone Services

Generally there are three kinds of phone services in Yangon. Conventional Phones (or) Land Phones, Mobile Phones and IP Star Phones area available. The local phone calling costs are 15 Ks per minute for the conventional phones and 25 Ks per minute for Mobile Phones.

Oversea calls are available but quite expensive, depending on the distance of the country.

 

 

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Bogyoke Aung San Market is situated in the heart of Yangon, on Bogyoke Aung San Road. The market was first built and inaugurated on the present premises in 1926. It was named Scott Market after Mr. C. Scott, the then Municipal Commissioner. Nowadays, it is called Bogyoke Aung San Market in honor of our national leader General Aung San.
 
Public Transport in Yangon
Bus
There are over 250 bus lines running around Yangon. There are over 2.5 million commuters a day. Recently, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) was introduced as new fuel for buses operating in Yangon. The bus fares starts from Ks 40 to Ks 120, depending on the distance the traveller takes.
 

China Town

The Chinatown of Yangon lies west of the Sule Pagoda which is located in the centre of downtown Yangon.
 

Sule Pagoda

 
The Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark. It is said to be over 2,000 years old and contains a hair given by the Buddha to two Burmese merchants. Located on a roundabout in downtown Yangon. The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as of astrologists, palmists, and so on.
 

Bogyoke Aung San Museum

Bogyoke Aung San meaning General Aung San, the hero who fought for the Independence of Myanmar. He was assassinated on 1947 July 19 by Galone U Saw and his companions.
 

Twante

Twante is situated 24km from Yangon and a boat trip along the Twante Canal takes about two hours. It is also accessible by car. It is noted for its pottery and cotton-weaving industries. Visitors get a chance to see the rural life along the famous canal of Twante.
 

Zoological Garden

Yangon Zoological Gardens, a recreation center, is located in the heart of Yangon. It is also the center for Zoological and Botanical researchers. It has an area of 69.25 acres. The zoo is noted for its collection of wild animals, flora and fauna which have been collected over the years since it was opened in 1906. A perfect place for studying various wildlife species and birds.
 
Thanlyin was formerly known as Syriam. Myanmar usually pronounce as "Tanyin". It is a city in Yangon Division in Myanmar. It is located on the bank of Yangon River, and is a major port.
 
The Allied War Memorial Cemetery is located at Htauk Kyant,Mingaladon Township, 32km from Yangon, on the way to Bago. It was built in 1951. It is a memorial cemetery of the Allied soldiers who died in the Myanmar Campaign during World War II. The cemetery is peaceful and its beautifully kept grounds has 27,000 stone graves of fallen Commonwealth and Allied soldiers. Htauk Kyant War cemetery is the largest of the three war cemeteries in Myanmar.
 

Swe Taw Myat Pagoda

Sacred Replica Tooth Relic was enshrined in the Swe Taw Myat Pagoda on Dhammapala Hillock in Mayangone Township, Yangon. The pagoda was buil with cash donations contributed by the people of Myanmar and Buddhis donors of entire world.
 
Water Fountain Garden in People's Park and Square
People’s Park is located near the western stairways of Shwedagon Pagoda. It is an area of a total of 135.72 acres bounded by the main thoroughfares of Pyay Road to its west, U Wisara Road to its east, Dhammazedi Road to its north and Ahlone Road to its south. It was first opened in 1990.
 

St. Mary’s Cathedral

 

St. Mary’s Cathedral is situated on Bo Aung Kyaw Street in Botahtaung Township, Yangon. It was designed by Dutch architect. Construction began in 1895 and was completed in 1899. The interior of the Cathedral is richly decorated with some outstanding examples of featured exquisite stained glass windows.
 

National Races Village

National Races Village was constructed by Ministry of Border Affairs, situated in Tharketa Township, on the left side of Yangon-Thanlyin Bridge. One can see buildings with significant symbols denoting various national races residing in the country.
 

Immanuel Baptist Church

Immanuel Baptist Church is located in the center of Yagon just next to the Mahabandoola Garden near city hall. Founded in 1885 but destroyed during the World War II; the present Church was rebuilt in 1952.
 

Koe Htat Gyi Pagoda

Koe Htat Gyi Pagoda meaning the Nine Storey Buddha Image, is situated on the Bargayar Road, Sanchaung Township, Yangon. A huge Buddha Image is in a sitting position. Koe Htat Gyi is also known as Atula Dipatti Maha Muni Thetkya.
 

Kyaikkasan Pagoda

Kyaikkasan Pagoda is located in Thingangyun Township, Yangon. Reputed to have been built by Sihadipa, King of Thaton, the Pagoda is enshrined with 16 hair and 32 bon relics of the Buddha.
 
Nga Htat Gyi, also known as the "five-storey Buddha" is located across the Chauk Htat Gyi Buddha Image. A huge seated Buddha image is housed in a pavilion of iron structure with a five-tiered CGI roof of Ashay Tawya Monastery. Hence Nga-Htat-Gyi Pagoda means the pagoda with five-layered roof. This Buddha image is different from other images in the style of using Magite (armours) around the image.
 
Downtown Yangon is known for the highest number of colonial period buildings in Southeast Asia. The former High Court, the former Inland Water Transport building, the former Secretariat buildings and the Strand Hotel are excellent examples of the Yangon's past. Century-old buildings with magnificent architecture are main tourist attraction in downtown Yangon.
 

Maelamu Pagoda

Mae Lamu means Maid of the Mangrove. There was a legendary saying about this Pagoda. It was said that a hermit once came upon a mangrove tree bearing an abnormally large bud which he took to his retreat and it later produced a girl child.
 
Ah Lain Nga Sint temple complex or Maha Say Wingaba Venerable Sayadaw’s (Monk) monastery where occultism was practised during his life time. Most of the statues in that complex are related partly to Mahayana Buddhism and partly to occultism.
 

Kyauktawgyi Pagoda

This is one of the biggest marble Buddha Images in Myanmar with a height of 37ft (11m) and a weight of weighs over 600 tons. The classical name of this Image is Lawkachantha Abaya Labamuni, meaning World Peace and Prosperity.
 
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