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Arts

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Myanmar is a country full of ancient traditions and culture. From time to time, the Myanmars have adapted different cultures and arts. To describe about the Arts of Myanmar, there are 10 Myanmar traditional arts which are metaphorically called "Ten Flowers".

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Theses arts have been passed on from one century to another until today. The 10 arts are as follows:

  • Panbe (the art of blacksmith)
  • Panbu (the art of sculpture)
  • Pantain (the art of gold and silver smith)
  • Pantin(the art of bronze casting)
  • Pantaut (the art of making floral designs using masonry)
  • Panyan (the art of bricklaying and masonry)
  • Pantamault (the art of sculpting with stone)
  • Panpoot (the art of turning designs on the lathe)
  • Panchi (the art of painting)
  • Panyun (the art of making lacquer ware)

 

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Nawarat

The nine gems are ruby, pearl, coral, sapphire, diamond, cat's eye, emerald, topaz and zircon. The Nawarat Ringnawarat, a ring usually of gold with a ruby at its center and around it clock-wise from the twelve o'clock position, diamond, pearl, cat's eye, zircon or pyrope , emerald , topaz , sapphire, and coral.
 
  Panbe (the art of blacksmith)
Panbe is the tempering of iron in the furnace to make necessary items. The artisans make ox cart axle, ox cart iron, tyre, scissors, hammer, adze, pickaxe, knife, hatchet, axe, digging hoe and mattock.

Panbu (the art of sculpture)
Panbu means the one which produces figures and floral designs made of wood or ivory. The artisans make the figure of human beings and animals and floral designs.
 

The 18 Noble Arts

For thousands of years, all noblemen of Myanmar royal families are required to learn all 18 Essential Arts of Myanmar Noble Men.
It was known as "Ahtar Ratha 18 subjects" of arts. They are considered as compulsory.
These 18 subjects are:
 
Other than the 10 Traditional Arts of Myanmar, there are some more arts to know from Myanmar. Theses arts are described as follows.
 
Myanmar traditional music are based from the sounds made from instruments grouped in the following five categories.
1) Kyee
Kyee or Bronze made instruments such as gongs.