Innwa

Innwa

 

Innwa was also known as Ava in the ancient times. It is a city in the Mandalay Division of Myanmar, situated just to the south of Amarapura on the Ayeyarwady River. It is also called Ratnapura meaning "City of Gems".

Innwa was the capital of Myanamr from 1364-1841. Prior to this, Sagaing had been the capital, but after Sagaing fell to the Shan, the court moved across the river to Innwa. The kings of Innwa set about restoring Burmese supremacy, which had disintegrated after the fall of Bagan.


Innwa (Ava)

In 1555, Innwa fell to the southern Burmese Kingdom of Taungoo, but in 1636, the king of Taungoo relocated his own capital to Innwa. In 1752, the Mon revolted against Burmese rule and sacked Innwa. A couple of years later, the founder of the new Konbaung Dynasty, Alaungpaya, crushed the Mon revolt, and after a period with Shwebo as his capital, re-established the court in Innwa.

After the British conquered Lower Myanmar, after the Second Anglo-Burmese War, Upper Myanmar was commonly called the Kingdom of Innwa. During the reign of King Bodawpaya (1781-1819), the capital was moved to nearby Amarapura. However, his successor, King Bagyidaw (1819-1837), moved the Court back to Innwa in 1823. When a tremendous earthquake caused extensive damage in 1841, Innwa was finally abandoned for Amarapura. Little remains of the ancient capital today.


The Old Gate, Inwa

Interesting Places in Innwa


Bargaya Monastery

The grand Bargaya monastery is built entirely with teak wood and decorated with splendid Myanmar architectural works.

More Info


Maha Aung Mye Bon Zan Monastery

Maha Aung Mye Bon Zan Monastery is also known as Me Nu Oak Kyaung.

More Info


Watch Tower (Nan Myint)

The Watch Tower, about 90ft (30m) high is the only masonry building left on the King Bagyidaw’s Palace built in 1822. The tower was left leaning to one side after an earthquake in 1838 but it was restored as its original structure. This is one of the Myanmar architectural styles of early 19th Century.


Watch Tower (Nan Myint)


Inwa Bridge

16 span Inwa Bridge (formerly Ava Bridge) was built by British engineers in 1934. It is both a railroad and vehicle bridge.


The old Inwa Bridge (Ava Bridge) and the new Yadanabon Bridge at far right.


Thabyedan Fort

This is located near Inwa Bridge on the Mandalay side of the bank of Ayeyarwaddy River. It was the last fort built to defend the Mandalay capital at the Third Anglo-Myanmar War.


Innwa Mahar Myat Muni Pagoda


Mahar Myat Muni Pagoda, Innwa


Yadana Hsimi Pagodas


Yadana Hsimi Pagodas






May I help you?

Cool.. I am interested in Myanmar, Burma, Burmah, Birmanie, Birma, Birmania, Bermah, or whatever you call it. But how much will it cost to visit Myanmar?
- Get Tour Quote
 
 

I am a business traveller. I just need hotels to arrange. ok then.
- Make a hotel inquiry

 


I am seriously interested to do business in Myanmar. I want to find a partner, a distributor, a country manager, or set up an office.
- Business matchmaking
Home . Contact Myanmars.NET
Copyright © 1998-2012 by Myanmar's NET, Yangon, Myanmar. All rights reserved. http://www.myanmars.net